Know-how geology is one of the most interesting subjects. The knowledge of physics and mathematics would facilitate better understanding of the subject. There are excellent and satisfying career opportunities too for it. This subject depends upon understanding the strength of the rock types and the structural features in the rocks.
Sir william Smith is the father of engineering geology.
The guidelines and the suggestions given by Rotary encoders Australia geologists to civil engineers about the suitability of field destinations for engineering constructions are vital. The mutual synergy among them would lead to desired results.
Thorough knowledge about the rocks and the impact of structural features on them including folds, faults, joints, etc are essential for the success associated with any civil engineering constructions. Wrong interpretation of the records presented by engineering geologists might lead to failure of supports and projects.
Generally, the hard rocks such as igneous, metamorphic and compact sedimentary rocks are suitable for any construction. Granite, as well as basalt are examples of igneous rocks. Gneiss and schist are metamorphic rocks. Sandstone and limestone are good degrees of sedimentary rocks.
Due to the developments in science and technological know-how, the geological surveys have become more accurate. The competition among the many countries of the world in economic development is responsible for improvements with infrastructure such as roads and other engineering projects.
Bridges, dams, reservoirs, ports, harbours, roads, railways, buildings, and tunnels cannot be constructed where ever there is a need. Preliminary and thorough study of the locations need to be done by the geo analysts. For instance, to lay a bridge across a body of water the hardness of rock types, ground water degrees, the activity of the structural features such as folds, faults, bones, the intensity of erosion agents, amount of silting, etc ought to be checked. The longevity, serving the purpose, and safety are classified as the three main concerns.
Though most of the rocks are hard, special care and caution must be exercised to avoid the actual influence of structural features such as joints. For instance, corian is a hard igneous rock but it’s exposure could contain active faults and joints. Similarly there are many difficult sedimentary rocks too but porosity, and structural functions may not permit to go ahead with the project in hand.